Grand River, South Dakota
December 15, 1890 (aged 59)
Grand River, Standing Rock Indian Reservation
Cause of Death
Shot by Indian Police
Tȟatȟaŋka Iyotȟaŋka (born Hoka Psice)
Battle of Little Big Horn, resistance to USA
Parents Jumping Bull (father)
Relatives- Big Foot (half brother)
White Bull (nephew)
Light Hair,Four Robes,
One Bull (adopted son)
Crow Foot (son)
Many Horses (daughter)
Walks Looking (daughter)
Full-Biography-Sitting Bull- wikipedia
Sitting Bull, the son of Four Horn, and a member of the Sioux tribe,
was born on Grand River South Dakota, in March, 1834.
Originally named "Jumping Badger" as a child, after killing his first bison
when not yet 20, he was given his father's name.
It was common for Lakota men to receive another name as they passed into adulthood
He hunted at a young age and at 14 took part in a raid on the Crows.
A highly successful warrior, Sitting Bull led a war party against
Fort Buford on 24th December, 1866.
As well as attacking army patrols Sitting Bull's warriors waged
war against the Crow and Shoshone.
In December, 1875 the Commissioner of Indian Affairs
directed all Sioux bands to enter reservations
by the end of January 1876.
Sitting Bull, now a medicine man and spiritual leader of his people,
refused to leave his hunting grounds.
Crazy Horse agreed and led his warriors north to join up with Sitting Bull.
In June 1876 Sitting Bull subjected himself to a sun dance.
This ritual included fasting and self-torture.
During the sun dance Sitting Bull saw a vision of a large number
of white soldiers falling from the sky upside down.
As a result of this vision he predicted that his people were
about to enjoy a great victory.
On 17th June 1876, General George Crook and about 1,000 troops,
supported by 300 Crow and Shoshone, fought against
1,500 members of the Sioux and Cheyenne tribes.
The battle at Rosebud Creek lasted for over six hours.
This was the first time that Native Americans had
united together to fight in such large numbers.
General George A. Custer and 655 men were sent out
to locate the villages of the Sioux and Cheyenne involved
in the battle at Rosebud Creek.
An encampment was discovered on the 25th June.
It was estimated that it contained about 10,000 men,
women and children. Custer assumed the numbers
were much less than that and instead of waiting for the main army
under General Alfred Terry to arrive, he decided to attack
the encampment straight away.
Custer divided his men into three groups.
Captain Frederick Benteen was ordered to explore a range
of hills five miles from the village.
Major Marcus Reno was to attack the encampment from the upper end
whereas Custer decided to strike further downstream.
Little Bighorn battlefield
Reno soon discovered he was outnumbered and retreated to the river.
He was later joined by Benteen and his men.
Custer continued his attack but was easily
defeated by about 4,000 warriors.
At the battle of the Little Bighorn Custer and all his 264 men were killed.
The soldiers under Reno and Benteen were also attacked and 47
of them were killed before they were rescued by the arrival
of General Alfred Terry and his army.
The U.S. army now responded by increasing the
number of the soldiers in the area.
As a result Sitting Bull and his men fled to Canada,
whereas Crazy Horse and his followers surrendered
to General George Crook at the Red Cloud Agency in Nebraska.
Crazy Horse was later killed while being held in custody at Fort Robinson.
Sitting Bull in Pierre, South Dakota
on his way to Standing Rock
Agency from Fort Randall
Sitting Bull was offered an amnesty by the American authorities
and in 1881 he agreed to return to Fort Randall, South Dakota,
but continued to reject the proposal to sell Sioux lands
to the United States government.
In June 1885, Sitting Bull agreed to appear with the Wild West Show
run by Buffalo Bill Cody.
He was paid $50 a week and also received money
for selling signed photographs of himself.
In 1888 Sitting Bull rejected a new offer to sell Sioux land.
The American government became increasingly frustrated
by Sitting Bull's refusal to negotiate a deal and orders
were given for his arrest.
On 15th December, 1890, Sitting Bull was killed while being arrested.
His son Crow Foot and other followers also lost their lives during this operation.
Sitting Bull's grave at Fort Yates, ca. 1906..........Sitting Bull's other alleged grave, Mobridge, .................................................. .................South Dakota, 2003
Edited and Compiled by ethanedwards
With Information and Photographs from
Spartucus Educationaland wikipedia